Here is a list of symptoms, which you might experience if you have diabetic retinopathy.
• Seeing floaters
• Blurring of vision
• Dark or empty spaces in vision
• Seeing poorly at night
• Difficulty in telling colors
• Loss of vision
• Fluctuations in sight
• Difficulty in reading or driving
Physicians may look for the following signs when diagnosing diabetic retinopathy in their patients: microaneurysms, intraretinal vascular abnormalities, swelling and beading of venous system, or hard and soft exudates..
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy can go unnoticed because it has few or no warning signs. As the condition progresses, diabetic retinopathy symptoms may include: floaters, blurred vision, fluctuating vision, dark or empty areas in your vision, poor night vision, impaired colour vision and vision loss.
With diabetic retinopathy the earlier stages of the condition can only be detected by an experienced health professional. The only way to ensure that the complication is detected in time is to have regular checkups even if you have no eye disturbances. Experts can detect the early stages of microaneurisms, hemorrhages and hard exudates at regular eye exams. Tiny red spots are an indication of microaneurisms due to weakened blood vessels in the eye. Minor hemorrhages are also symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Hard white or yellow areas due to leaking of proteins and lipids from blood vessels, are called hard exudates and can be seen through an ophthalmoscope.
Risk Factors in Diabetic Retinopathy:
Even if you have none of the warning signs associated with diabetic retinopathy, you still might have it if you have some of the risk factors that are known to contribute to the development of the condition.