Type 1 diabetes in children is a condition in which a child’s body no longer produces an important hormone (insulin). The children need insulin to survive, so parent(s) will have to replace the missing insulin. Type 1 diabetes in children used to be known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.
Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults.
The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children can be overwhelming at first. Suddenly Parent(s) and the child — depending on his or her age — must learn how to give injections, count carbohydrates and monitor blood sugar.