Short Biography

Birth name George Campbell Scott Date of birth:18 October 1927, Wise, Virginia, USA Date of death :22 September 1999 His death was reported Thursday, September 23,1999 was an accomplished actor and director, but despite his man appearances on film, stage and television, he was best known for his portrayal of Gen. George S. Patton. His role in the 1970 film about the heroics of the American general during World War Two in “Patton” won him an Academy Award for Best Actor in 1971, but he refused to accept it, calling the Oscar ceremony a “meat parade” and condemning the Oscars in general as “offensive, barbarous and innately corrupt.” He also refused to attend or even watch the ceremony. When he was announced the winner he was sitting at home on his New York farm watching ice hockey on television. Scott also received Academy Award nominations for Best Supporting Actor in 1962 for “The Hustler” and for Best Actor in 1972, the year after he had snubbed the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, for “The Hospital.” Born George Campbell Scott in Wise, Va., on Oct. 18, 1927, he enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps after graduating from high school in 1945 for a four-year stint. In 1950 he briefly studied journalism at the University of Missouri until, as he put it, he realized “acting paid much better.” But his acting career started out slowly and stormy. For seven years he toured with small theatrical companies and during this time he went through two failed marriages, to Carolyn Hughes and Patricia Reed, more bar brawls than he cared to remember and five broken noses. His 1957 Broadway debut in the title role in Shakespeare’s ”Richard III” turned his life around, however. His performance, described by one critic as “stunningly venomous,” led to a flurry of offers from Hollywood and television. For the remainder of his career, Scott continued to work successfully in all three mediums. He won television Emmy awards for both acting and directing, plus numerous theatrical awards. He made his film debut in 1959, starring in “The Hanging Tree,” and followed that up with “Anatomy of a Murder” that same year. Among the most notable of his films were “The Hustler,” in 1961, “The List of Adrian Messenger,” in 1963, and as General ”Buck” Turgidson, in the 1964 smash hit, “Dr. Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb,” in which he uttered the memorable line, “I don’t say we wouldn’t get our hair mussed, but I do say no more than 10 to 20 million killed, tops, that is, depending on the break.” Other films included “The Yellow Rolls-Royce” (1964), ”The Bible … In the Beginning” (1966), “Not with My Life, You Don’t, (1966), “Petulia” (1968), “This Savage Land” (1969), “Jane Eyre” (1971), “The New Centurions” (1972), ”The Day of the Dolphin (1973), “The Hindenberg” (1975), ”Movie, Movie” (1978), “The Formula” (1980), “Taps” (1981) and Firestarter” (1984). Scott was married five times, twice to the same wife, actress Colleen Dewhurst, with whom he had two of his six children. The couple married in 1960 and divorced five years later only to remarry in 1967. The second marriage ended in divorce five years later. In 1972, Scott married another actress, Trish Van Devere. Both Dewhurst and Van Devere acted opposite their husband on stage. Scott always maintained that Broadway was where he wanted to be. “I make movies for financial reasons and this allows me the luxury of acting on Broadway, where I lose money,” he once said. He brought his classical training to television portraying the characters of British author Charles Dickens, such as Fagin in the 1982 CBS movie “Oliver Twist” and as Ebenezer Scrooge in “A Christmas Carol,” a 1984 CBS production which is shown every Christmas. A heart attack in 1990 temporarily slowed Scott down but he recovered and continued his hectic work pace, even though suffering from high blood pressure and diabetes. But in April, 1996, he collapsed on a Broadway stage during a performance of “Inherit the Wind,” and two weeks later he flew to Los Angeles for surgery to correct an aortic aneurysm